Snoring is caused when air is prevented from flowing freely through the nose and throat due to a physical blockage. This obstruction can be caused by a variety of factors. The following are the primary causes of snoring.
Excess fat around the neck and throat area will relax and collapse during sleep, leading to airway obstruction, and as a result, snoring.
Alcohol acts as a sedative and relaxes the muscles in your body, including your throat and tongue. This makes it more likely for your tongue to fall to the back of your through and obstruct your airway.
Smoking irritates the lungs, often causing inflammation and swelling in the throat. This causes the airway to narrow, making it more difficult for air to pass through.
Similar to alcohol, many medications are sedatives, promoting muscle relaxation and causing the airway to become blocked.
Some people only experience snoring seasonally. This is due to allergies which clog the sinuses and limit airflow through the nasal passages.
Throat and Nasal Structure
Snoring can also be caused by physiological factors such as a deviated septum, enlarged tonsils or long uvula.
Sleep apnea is a condition where you stop breathing for short periods during sleep. This is caused by airway obstruction, and commonly results in snoring.
Why You Need to Stop Snoring
Snoring affects the person sleeping next to you and is a clear sign of poor quality sleep. It may also be an indicator of serious health issues.
Sleep loss and sleep disorders are some of the most common and readily treatable health problems. It is estimated that 90 million Americans chronically suffer from a disorder of sleep and wakefulness — hindering daily functions and adversely affecting life and longevity. The long-term effects have been associated with a wide range of concerns, including: increased risk of hypertension, diabetes, obesity, depression, heart attack, and stroke. After decades of research, the case can confidently be made that sleep loss and sleep disorders have profound effects on human health.